General - Without Alpha Grade Conversion Scale

Updated in July 2010

CREDIT:  The semester "unit" or "credit hour" represents one lecture or class period (52 minutes) a week for one semester. For students enrolled in the J.D., LL.M. in Taxation, LL.M. in Intellectual Property & Technology Law and M.J.S. programs, the full time course load is a minimum of 12 units per semester. For students enrolled in the LL.M. in U.S. Law (Master of Laws) program and Exchange Students, the full time course load is a minimum of 8 units per semester.

GRADING SYSTEM

Effective Fall 1994, Washington University School of Law discontinued ranking J.D. students. (Only students in the top 5% are informed of their rank.)

Effective with the J.D. Class of 2004:  the Washington University School of Law instituted a grading system with a scale of 70 to 100.  Effective with that graduating class, the middle score in the scale was changed from an 83 to an 87. With this new scale, a grade of 74 or better is necessary to earn credit in a course. A 79 average is necessary to remain in good standing overall (and for the 2L year) in the new scale. 

Effective Fall 1979 and ending with the J.D. Class of 2003:  the Washington University School of Law instituted a grading system with a scale of 65 to 100.  For J.D. students, a grade of 70 or better is necessary to earn credit in a course and a 75 average is necessary to remain in good standing each year and overall.

Because of high academic standards and intense competition, considerable bunching occurs in the middle range of our grading scale. In recent years, 50% of our students' grade averages fell within 6 points on our scale.

LL.M. in Taxation

Grading System: Grading scale same as above.
    Effective with the LL.M. in Tax Class of 2004:  The lowest pasing grade is a 79 and students do not have a minimum GPA requirement. 
    Ending with the LL.M. in Tax Class of 2003: The lowest passing grade was a 75 and students did not have a minimum GPA requirement.

LL.M. in Taxation students are not ranked; however, one student at the end of each school year with the highest final GPA receives the Gary Boren Memorial Award. 

LL.M. in Intellectual Property & Technology Law

Grading System: Grading scale same as above. 
    Effective 2007-2008: The lowest passing grade is a 74 and in order to graduate a student must have earned a cumulative GPA of at least 79 
    Prior to 2007-2008:  The lowest passing grade was a 79 and students did not have a minimum GPA requirement.

Students in the IP LLM program are not ranked; however, one student at the end of each school year with the highest cumulative GPA receives the Intellectual Property & Technology Law Award.

LL.M. in U.S. Law (Master of Laws)

Grading System:  
     Effective 2010-2011: Grading scale same as above. The lowest passing grade is a 74.  LL.M. in U.S. Law students are graded anonymously. Students in this program are not ranked.
     Prior to 2010-2011:  High Pass / Pass / No Credit. [See explanation of grades at /registrar/pages.aspx?id=4918.]

Additional Grade Codes:

AUD - Audit
PW - Permitted to withdraw
HP - High Pass
RW - Required to withdraw
P - Pass
N - Grade not recorded
LP - Low Pass
I - Incomplete
CR or CR# - Credit
RX - Re-examined in course
NCR or NCR# - No Credit
R - Course Repeated
CIP - Course in Progress
IP - In Progress


Notations:

Academic Probation -- Placed on academic probation (as a result of having a cum GPA between 78.50 - 78.99 at the end of an entire school year, or a yearly GPA between 78.50 - 78.99 at the end of the 2L year.)
Academic Termination -- Not eligible to continue due to poor scholarship (as a result of having a cum GPA of less than 78.50 at the end of an entire school year, or a yearly GPA below 78.50 at the end of the 2L year)  Student may petition for readmission.
Disciplinary Probation -- Probationary status resulting from a violation of the Honor Code
Suspension -- Student is denied permission to continue at the School of Law for a specific period of time due to violation of the Honor Code.
Readmitted -- Readmitted by faculty action or by re-examination
Explusion -- Student is permanently denied permission to continue at the School of Law due to violation of the Honor Code