General Information 2006-2007

(This is a brief list of some core registration related information; however, students should refer to the Student Handbook, found at /students/pages.aspx?id=1003, for additional information.)

Courses offered at Washington University School of Law are open to matriculated Washington University law students. Some courses may be open to graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in other departments and to non-Washington University law students currently in good standing at an ABA accredited law school, or other non-degree seeking students who have an undergraduate degree. Openings for non- W.U. law students will be based on space availability and proper permission. These students must have the permission of the professor, their school or department, and the law school Registrar’s Office in order to secure a place in a course. Any non-W.U. law student registering without permission will be deleted from the class roster - the short application and permission form can be found on the web at /registrar/pages.aspx?id=2131.

Students may audit a course if they receive permission from the professor and the Registrar’s Office. To receive faculty permission, the student should ask the faculty member to sign an “Audit Approval Form” which can be found in the Student Forms and Information area near the student mailboxes or on the Registrar’s Office “Forms” website. The student should discuss with the faculty member his or her expectations in terms of attendance and participation. This completed form should be turned in to the Registrar’s Office. The Registrar’s Office will let the student know if there is space in the class for an auditor since a student cannot audit a class which has a waitlist. At the end of the semester the professor must sign a grade sheet verifying that the student, in fact, audited the course. “AUD” will be entered in the final grade field on the student’s record. It is unlikely that a student would receive permission to audit a clinic, seminar or applied skills course. As long as a student receives permission from the faculty member and Registrar’s Office, he or she can be changed to an auditor at any point during the semester.

Credits Per Semester - Minimum and Maximum (See “Pass/Fail Limitations” for information on maximum number of pass/fail courses.)
Law students may take up to 16 units each semester. If a student wishes to take 17 or 18 units s/he must obtain permission from Dean Bolin by submitting the “Overload Request” form (available from the Student Forms & Information area near the student mailboxes or online at /Registrar/Forms). Any student wishing to take 19 or more law units, even joint-degree students, must petition the law school faculty. To petition the faculty, the student must send the petition by e-mail to Elizabeth Patton Walsh at The full-time J.D. student load is a minimum of 12 units per semester. A student may not be enrolled for less than 12 units without permission from Dean Bolin. Students taking fewer than 12 units in a semester do not earn a full semester’s worth of residency, are not eligible for Student Health Insurance, and may have complications associated with financial aid or loans (see JoAnn Eckrich regarding financial aid/loan questions).

Degree Requirements

  1. JD Degree (Doctor of Law / Juris Doctoris)
    1. Course Requirements—The candidate for the J.D. degree must complete the following required courses:
      1. All first year courses prescribed for the year in which the candidate originally enrolled
      2. One course from the Ethics Curriculum
      3. One Seminar
    2. Academic and Residence Credit and Averages—Candidates for the J.D. must:
      1. Earn a total of 85 or more credit hours [minimum passing grade=74]; effective with the J.D. Class of 2008, students must earn a total of 86 or more units;
      2. Earn a cumulative (and during the 2nd year a yearly) grade point average of at least 79, based upon all courses taken, whether or not credit is earned; and
      3. Complete 6 semesters of residence. In order to obtain residence credit for a semester, a candidate must complete a minimum of 12 hours of work and must obtain final credit in a minimum of 10 hours of work. Partial residency may be given for summer school course work taken at Washington University School of Law (including the Summer Institute for Global Justice in the Netherlands).
  2. LL.M. in U.S. Law (Master of Laws in U.S. Law / Legum Magistri)
    1. Earn a total of 20 or more credit hours from the law school curriculum (special permission may be required for some courses)
    2. Grading scale = HP, P, No Credit
    3. Questions? Contact Erin Burress, Graduate Program Coordinator at or 314-935-5534.
  3. LL.M. in Taxation (Master of Laws in Taxation / Legum Magistri)
    1. Earn a total of 24 or more credit hours taking courses that are part of the Tax curriculum. The minimum passing grade is 79. Note that there is a separate course directory for the Graduate Tax Program.
    2. Required courses: Federal Income Tax, Corporate Tax, Partnership Tax, and Estate and Gift Tax. (Candidates who have completed course work in these subjects may apply to waive required courses and to substitute another approved tax course. )
    3. Students may enroll full-time and complete the program in one year or enroll part-time and complete the program in no more than four years.
    4. Questions? Contact Kelly Moore, Graduate Tax Coordinator/Lecturer in Law at or (314) 935-8768.
  4. LL.M. in Intellectual Property & Technology Law (Master of Laws in IP & Tech Law / Legum Magistri)
    1. Earn a minimum of 24 credit hours taking courses that are part of the Intellectual Property Program Curriculum (see list near back of law school course directory or on the web - go to this web site: /registrar/pages.aspx?id=2231, then link to the correct semester or school year, and then link to the IP Curriculum list (you might have to scroll down the page a bit). The minimum passing grade is a 79 (75, prior to 2002-2003).
    2. Required course: one seminar (off the list of approved IP seminar courses)
    3. Questions? Contact Erin Burress, Graduate Program Coordinator at or 314-935-5534.
  5. J.S.D. (Doctor of the Science of Law / Juris Scientiae Doctoris)
    1. See Faculty Rule (H) 1. at /students/pages.aspx?id=1165 for degree requirements
    2. Questions? Contact Erin Burress, Graduate Program Coordinator at or 314-935-5534.

Emails and Student Mailboxes
Students are responsible for checking their email and Law School mailboxes daily for communications from faculty, staff and other students. WebSTAC automatically sends emails to students when they get off computerized waitlists. If a Law School student has questions about their Law School email account, they should see someone in the Computer Support Department (in the Computer lab offices). If a student has a question about their Law School hanging mail folder, they should contact the Registrar’s Office, Room 303, 935-4610,


Registrar’s Office forms can be found at /registrar/pages.aspx?id=2131 or by the student mailboxes.

Grade Options
The “grade option” for each course is pre-set. Law students are not given the option of taking a course for either numerical credit (grade option=C) or pass/fail (grade option=P). If a course is graded pass/fail or modified pass/fail (HP94, P, LP78, F70), this will be stated in the course description, otherwise it can be assumed that the grade will be numeric. For additional information on grades go to the Registrar’s Office web site. Holds

Check in WebSTAC (by clicking on “Holds”) to see if you have a HOLD on your record. If you do you will need to clear it before on-line registration or the system will not allow you to register (or order official transcripts). For financial questions, contact Student Financial Services (935-5900) or JoAnn Eckrich, Associate Director of Financial Aid,, 314-935-4605. The University usually notifies students with HOLDs by mail, but to be sure, check your record on-line well before the first day of online registration to make sure that you have no HOLDs that will cause a problem for you at registration. Students may have HOLDs on their registration for various reasons other than financial, such as failing to enter an updated Home and Local address and phone number in WebSTAC or for not complying with requests from Health Services. Whatever the reason, the student is responsible for contacting the office placing the HOLD and getting it resolved well before the date that online registration begins.

Honors, Awards, & Prizes
See /registrar/pages.aspx?id=2550

Non-Law Courses
An upper-level student may apply to receive up to three hours credit towards their J.D. for coursework offered by another school of the University. The course: 1) must be listed as a graduate-level course, 2) must not duplicate a law school course, and 3) must be logically related to the particular educational program or career plans of the student. In order to receive law credit for the course, the student must receive a “C” or better; the course cannot be taken on a Pass/Fail or Credit/No Credit basis. The student must submit a “Request to take a Non-law Course for Credit” form (available from the Student Forms & Information area near the student mailboxes or online at /registrar/pages.aspx?id=2131) to Dean Keating’s mailbox in 301. The student should attach to this form a course description, syllabus, reading list, and course requirements, if available. If Dean Keating approves the course, he will forward it to Dean Bolin. If Dean Bolin approves the course, she will place a copy of the signed form in the student’s mailbox and give a copy to the Registrar’s Office. The student is responsible for registering on-line for the course and for attaining any special approval needed by the other department. Note that each department (including Law) reserves the right to drop students from other departments from their courses if deemed necessary for any reason. Course listings for all University departments, including Law, can be found through WebSTAC ( by clicking on the menu option “Course listings”

Pass/Fail Limitations for J.D. Students
A) For All J.D. Students. - J.D. students may not take more than a grand total of 23 units in courses that do not provide attendance in regularly scheduled class sessions. This includes: competitions, supervised research, practicum or moot court, Moot Court Teams, Trial Advocacy Competition, Judicial Clerkship Clinic, Lawyering Practice Externship (summer), and Law Reviews. (This is a relatively new ABA rule.)

B) For J.D. Students in Top 10% - Order of the Coif Pass/Fail Course Limitation. The Order of the Coif is an honorary scholastic society ( the purpose of which is to encourage excellence in legal education by fostering a spirit of careful study, recognizing those who as law students attained a high grade of scholarship, and honoring those who as lawyers, judges and teachers attained high distinction for their scholarly or professional accomplishments. Members are selected by the faculty from the graduating J.D. students who rank in the top ten per cent of their class. Based on Order of the Coif rules, in order to be eligible a student must have taken 75% of his/her credits "graded." If a student plans to graduate with the 85 minimum credits required for the J.D, this means s/he must take at least 64 credits graded, and no more than 21 credits non-graded. According to the Order of the Coif, "'Graded courses' are those for which academic accomplishment is recorded on the basis of educational measurement involving four or more discriminators." WUSL's modified pass/fail courses (HP94, P, LP78, F70) such as Pretrial and Trial count as graded courses, per this definition. Courses such as law review, moot court, supervised research, Judicial Clerkship Clinic, and non-law courses do not count as graded courses under the “Coif definition” because there are only two grade discriminators - pass or fail. In most cases, it would be difficult for a Wash. U. Law Student to take more than 21 credits non-graded; however, it's information students vying for the top 10% may wish to keep in mind - especially if considering applying for a semester abroad (which would involve at least 12 non-graded credits ) or doing the D.C. Clinic (which would involve 8 non-graded credits). Eligible students must also be approved by the faculty.

Registration Procedures
Upper-level law students pre-register for seminars and clinics in March/April for the upcoming school year (instructions are provided in the Law School Course Directory and on the web). If a student gets into one of these types of courses, the Registrar’s Office will enroll them accordingly; they will not need to enter these courses on-line. Both Fall and Spring semester Seminar and Clinic placements are determined before online registration in April. Students will be notified of their placements in these courses prior to WebSTAC registration. If, at any time, a student wishes to drop a Seminar or Clinic, they must immediately notify the Law School Registrar’s Office. Students may submit a email to the Registrar’s Office to be enrolled in or waitlisted for a Seminar or Clinic after the pre-registration deadline. The Registrar’s Office will notify the student of whether they are enrolled in or waitlisted for the course. Following the pre-registration process for seminars and clinics (for both fall and spring), students register for their other courses (one semester at a time) via WebSTAC ( Online registration for fall courses occurs in April; online registration for spring courses occurs in November. Note early drop deadlines for some courses such as clinics (see course descriptions for exact dates); Pretrial, Trial, Advanced Trial, Alternative Dispute Resolution Theory & Practice, and Business Negotiations: Theory & Practice.

Severe Weather Hotline - 935-6400, Press “7" and then “3”
Call the severe weather hotline to see if a class has been canceled in the event of bad weather. It is extremely rare for the University or Law School as a whole to close down due to bad weather (in which case this would be announced on the usual radio and TV stations, such as KMOX-AM), but occasionally a professor might cancel a class because of the weather. Whenever possible, check your email for messages from professors about bad weather cancellations in addition to checking this hotline.