Office of the Law School Registrar
Course Directory

General Upper-level Courses
Fall 2001
 


ADMINISTRATIVE LAW                  (3 hrs)                           Ronald Levin
W74-530A sec 01 
MON TUE THU 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Administrative Law is the "Civil Procedure" of the regulatory process. The course deals with laws governing administrative agencies at both the federal and state levels. We examine the procedural mechanisms that agencies use as they draft regulations, disburse welfare benefits, grant licenses, and pursue violators of regulatory statutes. We also study the procedural rights agencies must afford to private parties, and the ways in which administrative officials are supervised by Congress, the White House, and especially the courts. Although the course does not examine in detail the substantive laws administered by the NLRB, EPA, HHS, FCC, etc., it provides the background needed to understand the operations of these and other agencies. Regular attendance and preparation are expected, and sanctions may be imposed upon egregious offenders. Course grade will be based on a timed exam.

ANTITRUST                                                                            John Drobak
W74-611C                           (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Antitrust teaches the legal principles that are used in an attempt to make the market system work. The course will focus on monopoly and competition, the role that competition plays in society and the ways in which courts and agencies have applied the antitrust laws to further competitive goals. To put antitrust in perspective, the course will emphasize historical development, economic theories and enforcement trends. The substantive law taught in the course will cover horizontal restraints among competitors, vertical restraints between manufacturers and dealers, monopolization and mergers. Economic principles will be examined in the course under the assumption that the students have not studied economics prior to taking the course. Attendance and preparation are expected. There will be a three hour essay examination

BANKRUPTCY                                                          Hon. Barry Schermer
W74-645B sec 01                 (3 hrs)
MON WED 7:40 - 9:00 a.m.
After a brief overview of state debtor-creditor law, this course will cover federal bankruptcy law. The majority of class time will be spent working through casebook problems that require an application of Bankruptcy Code provisions to particular fact situations. The course will begin with coverage of individual bankruptcies and then move on to the special issues associated with business bankruptcies. Attendance, participation and preparation will all be required. Some classes may be re-scheduled to be held at the same time on Tuesdays, Thursdays, or Fridays. There will be a three hour examination.

COMPARATIVE LAW: EUROPE, LATIN AMERICA & EAST ASIA
W74-535D sec 01                 (4 hrs)                                              John Haley
MON TUE WED THU 8:00 - 9:00 a.m.
An introduction to the principal legal traditions in Europe, Latin America, and Asia with particular emphasis on the basic institutional features of the civil law systems. The course covers the historical development of the civil law tradition and its reception in non-Western societies, as well as the basic institutional contracts between civil and common-law jurisdictions and among civil law jurisdictions. Students will also have the opportunity to select a particular country of interest and examine in greater detail the basic features of its legal system.

CONFLICT OF LAWS                                                         Susan Appleton
W74-536 sec 01                   (3 hrs)
WED FRI 9:30 - 11:00 a.m.
This course examines the legal problems that arise from occurrences transcending state or national boundaries: choice of applicable law, constitutional limitations thereon, jurisdiction of courts, recognition of foreign judgments and an analysis of these problems in the specific context of divorce and selected international settings. The course will emphasize conflicts among the American states.  Conflict of Laws provides an excellent review of a number of substantive courses as well as Civil Procedure.  Much of the analysis in this area is necessarily policy-oriented; few black-letter rules exist. Although many state bar examinations include Conflict of Laws, I suggest you not enroll in this course if your only interest in the subject is preparing for such examinations. The exposure to Conflicts necessary to pass those tests is generally provided in the standard bar review courses. On the other hand, every practicing attorney regularly confronts conflicts issues. The material this course covers, therefore, has considerable practical significance, and I recommend Conflicts for anyone intending to practice law. Regular class attendance and participation are required. Students missing an excessive number of classes (more than a number equivalent to 3 weeks of class) will be required to withdraw from the course. NOTE: This course is not scheduled to be offered in 2002-2003, so interested students should plan to take it this year.  ADDENDUM:  The cases examined in Conflict of Laws cover a variety of different substantive topics, for example, torts, contracts, property, insurance, etc.; family law cases represent just one of several types of cases studied in this course.

CONSTITUTIONAL COURTS                                                  Lee Epstein
W74-579B                              (3 hrs)
WED 3:00 - 5:00 p.m.
Enrollment limit: 50 
Since the early 1990's, members of the law & society community have been investigating the role constitutional courts play in their systems of government. That this topic engages social scientists is not surprising. After all, we, as citizens, are bombarded with press reports of constitutional courts generating major policies. And, we, as social and political observers, acknowledge the expansion of judicial power (what some call the "judicialization of politics") throughout the world. That the legal community also is beginning to take an interest in courts abroad is as understandable as it is undeniable. It is understandable, as lawyers and judges believe they have much to learn from their counterparts elsewhere. It is undeniable, as a mere glance at the legal literature would attest. The past decade witnessed the emergence of important law journals and the publication of influential case books, scholarly volumes, and essays all devoted to courts and law abroad. What these developments suggest: The time is ripe to offer a course on comparative constitutional courts, made even more so by the law school's sponsorship of the Conference on Constitutional Courts, to be held in Fall 2001. To be sure, I expect students enrolled in this course to attend and participate in the conference. But my goals for the class transcend it. They are as follows: (1) Introduce students to the "state of the art", such as it is at this early date, in studies of comparative courts. We accomplish this via readings, weekly discussions, and participation in the Conference on Constitutional Courts. (2) Touch upon a series of specialized topics, major nodes of controversy in the field. These include: Recruitment, Training, and Practices of the Bar; Judicial Independence; Agenda-Control in High and Constitutional Courts; Relationships Among Courts, Executives, and Legislatures in Parliamentary Democracies; Legal Culture, Political Culture, and Rights; and The Roles and Impact of Lawyers and Constitutions in Enforcing Rights. (3) Help students develop theoretical and empirical skills, as well as substantive knowledge, by having them amass data or other information on the critical features of courts and the legal system, especially the constitutional or high court, in a state of their choice. This on-going research should lead to a final paper and serve as an impetus to their contributions to our weekly collective deliberations. Pertaining to matters of format, I begin each session with an introductory lecture on the topic of the day; we then move to a discussion of the assigned readings. As to grades, I base them on the quality of class participation and of a final paper.

CORPORATE AND WHITE COLLAR CRIME                Kathleen Brickey
W74-642 sec 01                      (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 10:00 - 11:00 a.m.
White collar crime is one of the fastest growing areas of specialization in the legal profession today. The collapse of the savings and loan industry, rampant fraud in the nation's financial markets, and systemic corruption in the health care industry contributed to a dramatic increase in federal white collar crime prosecutions over the past twenty years. This course examines some of the principal statutes that are used to prosecute corporate and white collar crime. Theories of liability we will consider include traditional white collar offenses like mail and wire fraud, insider trading, perjury, obstruction of justice and bribery. They also include more recent entries into the field such as RICO, money laundering, and laws enacted to combat government contract fraud. The course will also provide an introductory look at the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Regular class attendance and preparation are required.

CORPORATIONS                                                                   Joel Seligman
W74-538L sec 01                     (3 hrs)

MON 12:30 - 2:00 p.m. and WED 1:00 - 2:30 p.m.
This course covers the structure and characteristics of modern business associations including publicly held and closely held business corporations; the organization of business associations; the distribution of corporate power between management and shareholders with emphasis on the fiduciary duties of directors and officers; and the effects of federal securities law on business associations, particularly the securities fraud rules such as Rule 10b-5 and the proxy (or voting) rules. There will be a final exam.

EMPLOYMENT LAW                                                              Pauline Kim
W74-613B sec 01                     (3 hrs)
TUE THU 4:30 - 6:00 p.m.
This course will cover the law of the employment relationship in the non-unionized workplace. We will begin with the traditional employment at will doctrine and will then examine various common law doctrines, based on both contract and tort principles, which have eroded the presumption of at-will employment. We also will cover issues such as testing, surveillance and other privacy and dignitary concerns in the workplace. In the latter half of the semester we will examine the various statutory schemes which regulate the employment relationship, such as laws relating to minimum wage and maximum hours, unemployment insurance, workers' compensation and health and safety. This course will not cover laws dealing with union-management relations, nor will we spend a substantial amount of time on any of the various statutes prohibiting employment discrimination.

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW                                                   Maxine Lipeles
W74-614B sec 01                     (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 1:00 - 2:00 p.m.
This course surveys environmental law, focusing on the five principal federal environmental laws -- the Clean Water Act, Clean Air Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (popularly referred to as "Superfund"), and National Environmental Policy Act. Different approaches to environmental regulation will be considered and evaluated. Regular attendance and preparation are expected. Grade is based on a written exam.

EVIDENCE                                                                           Richard Kuhns
W74-547B sec 01                     (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 10:00 - 11:00 a.m.
Analytical study of the principles and rules governing the proof of facts in civil and criminal trials. In addition to examining the Federal Rules of Evidence and their common law counterparts, the course will address broad issues such as what it means to "prove" or to "know" something, the allocation of decision making between judge and jury, the objectives of adjudication, and the relationship between those objectives and rules of evidence.

FEDERAL CRIMINAL LAW                                            Kathleen Brickey
W74-730A sec 01                     (2 hrs)
TUE THU 2:00 - 3:00 p.m.
Federal criminal law historically played a relatively minor role in American law enforcement. But as technology began to facilitate rapid modes of transportation and communication, problems that had been primarily local concerns took on interstate dimensions. As these cultural changes occurred, Congress relied more heavily on the Commerce Clause to assert federal criminal jurisdiction over an endless array of social ills and to firmly establish crime control as a priority on the federal government's agenda. These developments raise a number of important issues. What are the implications of increased federal law enforcement? Does it pose any dangers to the federal justice system or to the traditional allocation of federal and state power? What are the consequences of jurisdictional overlap? This course will explore these and related questions through such topics as the role and scope of federal criminal laws, jurisdictional bases for federalizing crime, the war on drugs, and the use of criminal laws to protect civil rights. Regular class attendance and preparation are required.

FEDERAL INCOME TAX                                                     Dan Schneider
W74-549D sec 01                     (4 hrs)
MON TUE WED 7:50 - 9:00 a.m.
An introduction to the basic principles of the federal personal income tax. Topics treated will include federal tax procedure, the definition of gross income, and exclusions and deductions from gross income. The course is designed to equip students to handle common personal income tax problems likely to arise in general practice.

HEALTH LAW AND REGULATION                                         Ted Ruger
W75-554B                               (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 1:00 - 2:00 p.m.
This course will provide an introduction to the legal and policy framework relating to the provision and financing of health care in the United States. Topics to be covered include medical malpractice law, federal and state regulation of health care providers, insurers, and drug companies, and the public provision of health care. Special focus will be given to the issues presented by the rise of "corporate" medicine (e.g., HMOs), the growing importance of prescription drugs and the role the Federal Food and Drug Administration plays in regulating drug companies, and recent proposals and legislative efforts to increase access to health care for all Americans. The final grade will be based on a final exam; however, if total enrollment in the course does not exceed fifty students, students will have the option to write a paper in the area of health law that will constitute 40% of the course grade.

INSURANCE                                                                         Neil Bernstein
W74-552 sec 01                       (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Study of the principles that distinguish "insurance law" from conventional contract law, state regulation of the business of insurance and the basic tenets of property, life, health and liability insurance. Three-hour multiple choice examination.

INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW                                        Leila Sadat
W74-713A sec 01                    (3 hrs)

MON TUE THU 12:00 - 1:00 p.m.
Can war be restrained by law? Should "war criminals" be prosecuted? The answer, in part, is provided by the study of international criminal law, a growing field at the intersection of international law and domestic criminal law. As a matter of substantive law, this year we will concentrate on war crimes, aggression and serious violations of international humanitarian law, but will also, time permitting, examine other crimes such as slavery, terrorism and drug trafficking. Procedural coverage will focus particularly on the practical and legal problems in apprehending alleged war criminals and getting them to trial through methods that range from formal extradition to kidnapping. There will be a mix of statutory, constitutional, treaty, customary international law, case law, and policy-oriented and philosophical materials. The final will be a 24-hour take-home exam.

INTERNATIONAL LAW                                                    Peter Mutharika
W74-553A sec 01                    (3 hrs)
WED FRI 9:30 - 11:00 a.m.
An introduction to rules that govern relations among states as well as relations between states and other entities. A critical examination of the theories that underlie these rules and the institutions within which such rules have evolved will be made. Particular attention will be given to the relevance of such rules and institutions to contemporary international problems. Attendance and preparation are required. There will be a regular open book examination at the end of the course.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS                              Peter Mutharika
W74-560A sec 01                    (3 hrs)
TUE THU 3:00 - 4:30 p.m.
This course examines the role of international organizations in the management of global issues. While a large part of the course will deal with the United Nations' role in peace management and conflict resolution, the role of other organizations (both intergovernmental and nongovernmental) will also be examined. Specific case studies such as Iraq, Bosnia, Cambodia, Angola, Somalia and Western Somalia will be used to examine the efficacy of these organizations in managing global issues. Attendance and class preparation are required. The final grade will be based on a take home examination.

INTERNATIONAL TAX                                                       Dan Schneider
W74-727B sec 01                     (2 hrs)
TUE 6:00 - 8:00 p.m.
Study of U.S. laws that have tax implications for international transactions. Emphasis on U.S. taxation of multinational operations and taxation of foreign persons in the U.S.  Pre/co-requisite:  Federal Income Tax (although Professor Schneider [dschneider@niu.edu] will entertain requests for a waiver of this requirement from students who believe that special circumstances warrant an exception for them).

INTRODUCTION TO INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW, TRADEMARKS AND UNFAIR COMPETITION             Charles McManis
W74-647B sec 01                      (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 10:00 - 11:00 a.m.
This course will introduce students to the state and federal law of intellectual property and unfair competition, concentrating primarily on state and federal trademark law (the field of intellectual property law having the broadest application, as it applies to virtually all businesses), but will also explore how the law of trademarks relates to the larger law of unfair competition, and to other fields of intellectual property law (namely, patents, copyrights, trade secrets, and a variety of other sui generis forms of intellectual property protection). Students interested in exploring intellectual property law are encouraged to enroll in this course first, and then to take either Patents & Trade Secrets or Copyrights & Related Rights, or both. The grade for this course will be based (in whole or in part) on a timed final exam, which will include both objective (i.e. multiple choice and true/false) questions and an essay question. The course grade may also be based in part on an outside writing or drafting exercise. Regular class attendance and preparation is required; failure to meet this requirement will result in disenrollment.

LABOR LAW                                                                        Neil Bernstein
W74-557B sec 01                      (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 2:00 - 3:00 p.m.
An examination of the principal provisions of the National Labor Relations Act: Structure of the National Labor Relations Board, Organizing, Concerted Activities, Recognition, Picketing, Bargaining and Enforcement of Collective Bargaining Agreements. Three hour multiple choice examination.

LAW AND ECONOMICS                                                     Daniel H. Cole
W74-523C sec 01                       (2 hrs)
WED 3:00 - 5:00 p.m.
Law and Economics examines the ways in which various economic theories influence legal policy making, and the equally important ways in which legal institutions and organizations influence economic activity. The course, which requires no previous economic training, focuses on the complex of relations between various bodies of legal doctrine - property, tort, contract, criminal, and regulatory law - and economic behavior in the marketplace.

LAW, MEDICINE, AND ETHICS                      Monica Allen/Susan Bindler
W74-707B sec 01                       (2 hrs)
THU 6:00 - 8:00 p.m.
Enrollment limit : 35
This course is part of the ethics curriculum. This course will compare the professional ethics models for law and medicine, including the differing duties of confidentiality, issues of consent and professional competence. Legal and medical ethics have many areas of overlap, yet each discipline has a different conceptual model. We will consider the ethical implications of the adversarial model underlying the rules of professional conduct for lawyers as contrasted with the principles of medical ethics. We will also explore some of the moral, legal and ethical issues raised by evolving medical technology. Class attendance and participation are expected.

LEGAL PROFESSION                                                          Michael Pinard
W74-563W sec 01                      (3 hrs)
WED 2:30 - 4:00 p.m. & FRI 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
This course is part of the ethics curriculum.
This course will explore the legal, moral and other responsibilities of the practicing attorney in the adversarial system. Among the topics the course will cover are: attorney competency, confidentiality and privilege, conflicts of interest, attorney responsibility in civil and criminal proceedings, the role of government attorneys, attorney marketing/solicitation, and the attorney's duty to improve the availability of legal services and the administration of justice. Class attendance and participation are expected.

LEGISLATION                                                                            Ron Levin
W74-601 sec 01                          (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 2:00 - 3:00 p.m.
In most law school courses, judge-made law is the center of attention. In real-world settings, however, lawyers frequently find themselves spending more time working with statutes than with case law. In order to equip students to survive in our so-called "age of statutes," this course attempts to shed light on legislation and the processes that give rise to it. The first half of the course will examine legal rules that govern the legislature, including such topics as lobbying regulation, campaign finance regulation, bribery statutes, ethics rules, open meetings laws, the line-item veto, and judicial review of legislative decision making procedure. The second half of the semester will be a more straightforward doctrinal unit, examining the ways in which legislation is implemented in the courts. The primary focus will be on principles of statutory construction. Students will acquire a working knowledge of the uses and abuses of canons of construction, legislative history materials, and other tools that lawyers and judges employ as they try to make sense of legislation. Regular attendance and preparation will be expected, and sanctions may be imposed on egregious offenders. The course grade will be based on a timed exam.

LITIGATION ETHICS                                                       Miriam Miquelon
W74-561A                                 (2 hrs)
TUE 6:00 - 8:00 p.m.
Enrollment will be limited; number to be determined.
This course is part of the ethics curriculum. This course will emphasize the practical application of ethics principles to common real-world practice scenarios. Designed to be a primer on ethical conduct in the courtroom, the course will examine topics in both the civil and criminal spheres of practice. The final exam will be a paper approximately 7-10 pages in length. Regular attendance and preparation will be required. NOTE: Meaningful discussion of the application of ethical principles in the context of various practice paradigms is impossible without a thorough understanding of the substantive and procedural law in which the paradigms manifest themselves. Accordingly, there will be some emphasis on synthesizing legal principles learned from prior course work, especially in criminal law, tort law, and the procedure courses. The goal is to integrate the application of ethics guidelines to legal principles in a way that in effect presents the guidelines as a "gloss" on the legal principles. Class attendance and participation are expected.

NONTRADITIONAL PERSPECTIVES                                 Barbara Flagg
W74-649A sec 01                     (3 hrs)
TUE THU 3:00 - 4:30 p.m.
This course is an introduction to three significant, emerging strands of non-mainstream legal analysis. The class will examine selected common law and constitutional doctrines and policies as analyzed, criticized, and/or reconstructed by legal scholars for whom issues of class, gender, and race are central. Covered topics will include, for example, a critical deconstruction of contract doctrines such as duress and unconscionability; a feminist analysis of the law of rape; and a black scholar's critique of anti-discrimination law. The emphasis will be on normative, rather than descriptive, analyses of existing law. The course will address nontraditional approaches to legal theory, primarily in the context of specific legal rules or policies. The assigned readings will be selected law review articles; assignments will be substantial. Attendance and participation are required. Grades will be based on three 5 page written assignments, each corresponding to one of the three segments of the course and due 1-2 weeks after completion of that segment. In addition, high quality class participation may enhance one's final grade. There will be no final examination.

RACE RELATIONS LAW                                              Christopher Bracey
W74-608A                                (3 hrs)
WED FRI 9:30 - 11:00 a.m.
This course explores the intersection of race relations and legal institutions in the United States. It focuses both on the transhistorical continuity of certain understandings of race, and on the evolution of others. In the first half of the course, we consider the theoretical and doctrinal principles that underlie historical issues such as Indian Nation sovereignty, slavery and Reconstruction, and the civil rights era. In addition, we will consider early "legal" definitions of race in American law, and explore the role of race in citizenship, naturalization, and immigration law and policy. For the remainder of the course, we explore competing conceptual models of the American racial legal order, and examine current jurisprudence on racial issues that arise within the context of employment, education, housing, intimate association, the distribution of electoral power, and/or the administration of criminal justice.

STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT                            Daniel Mandelker
W74-617 sec 01                        (3 hrs)
TUE THU 3:00 - 4:30 p.m.
The purpose of this course is to provide an understanding of the role and function of state and local governments in a federal system. Lawyers in private practice frequently must consider state and local government law issues as well as lawyers who work for government agencies. For example, it is estimated that one out of every eight tort suits is brought against a local government. Topics covered include annexation and incorporation; government structure and powers; taxation and finance; tort, ยง 1983 and antitrust liability; special legislation and delegation of legislative power; and the role of the chief executive and the courts in policy making. A final chapter covers suits against local government through use of the extraordinary writs. There is a website for the course, which is accessed in class, and which contains supplementary textual and case materials. Class participation and attendance are required subject to excuse. There is an open-book examination.

THEORY OF PROPERTY RIGHTS                John Drobak /Douglass North
W74-699A sec 01                      (3 hrs)
TUE THU 1:00 - 2:30 p.m.
Enrollment is limited to approximately 25 law students and 25 economics students
This course is cross-listed in the Economics Department. This law and economics course focuses on how the law affects the course of economic growth. It is jointly taught by Professor Drobak of the law faculty and Professor Douglass C. North of the economics faculty. The enrollment is made up of both law and economic students. The course will begin with two weeks of introduction to economic theory and history. That will be followed by study of the law and economics of Ronald Coase's path-breaking article "The Problem of Social Cost." The course will then examine the historical development of the law merchant and its incorporation into modern commercial law. The course also will examine the law and economics of the limits imposed on government regulation by the takings clause of the fifth amendment, followed by the study of the law and economics of rent control. Other subjects studied in the course will include some or all of the following: slavery and labor contracts, cognition and contract law, airline deregulation, telecommunication regulation and environmental law. There will be an hour and a half mid-term exam, an hour and a half final examination, and an 8-12 page term paper. Attendance and preparation are expected. Some classes will be taught primarily by lecture, but most classes will entail typical classroom discussion. There is no economic prerequisite for law students, although it would be helpful for law students to have taken one course in price theory or micro economics. If law students have not, it will require some additional work to understand some of the economic instruction in the course.

TRUSTS AND ESTATES                                                      Frances Foster
W74-575H sec 01                       (3 hrs)
MON TUE THU 9:00 - 10:00 a.m.
Enrollment limit: 70
This course will examine the basic legal doctrines and rules applicable to transfer of decedents' wealth by intestate succession, will, and trust. It will focus on the following topics: Society's Control of Inheritance; Intestate Succession; Will Execution, Attestation, Revocation, and Construction; Restrictions on Testation: Family Protection; Trusts: Varieties (emphasizing private express and charitable trusts), Creation, Modification, and Termination; and Fiduciary Administration. The course will not cover future interests, estate planning, or estate and gift taxation since separate, specialized classes and seminars are offered on each of these important topics. Regular attendance and preparation will be required. Grades will be based on a three-hour open book final examination.

TRUSTS AND ESTATES 
                                              Alice Noble-Allgire
W74-575M sec 01                      (3 hrs)
FRI 11:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m.
This course examines the administration of estates, including who inherits property when the decedent leaves no will; the formal requisites of wills; will substitutes; the nature, creation and termination of trusts; establishing successive trust interests (future interests); and fiduciary administration. The course materials focus not only on legal theory, but also on practical skills and values required of lawyers in a variety of practice areas. Regular attendance and class preparation is required. The course grade will be based upon a three-hour final exam.

U.S. CONSTITUTION & FOREIGN AFFAIRS                          Leila Sadat
W74-725A sec 01                      (3 hrs)
TUE THU 4:30 - 6:00 p.m.
This course fills a growing theoretical and practical gap in the training of lawyers for the 21st Century. It is essentially a course in United States' Constitutional law that treats the very difficult problems raised when international law interfaces American domestic law or when transnational problems strain the U.S. Constitutional structure. A subject that has fallen into neglect in U.S. law schools, it has started to be revived in scholarly debate. The course will explore the treatment of international law by the U.S. Constitution, examining the peculiar way in which the Constitution appears to treat Treaties and Customary International Law differently. It will examine the distribution of war powers between the executive and Congress, federalism concerns (such as whether states can enact criminal legislation implementing the Genocide Convention, for example, or whether that is purely within Congress' purview), and individual rights. It will also look at some interesting transnational litigation problems raised by the suit of foreigners in the United States under international claims, such as the notorious Kadic v. Karadzic case decided by the Second Circuit two years ago. Finally, it will ask how one can adopt an eighteenth Century constitution to the globalized twenty-first Century. The exam will be a twenty-four hour take home.

URBAN COMMUNITY DYNAMICS 
                                                         Clark Cunningham/Thomas L. Thomson
W74-551C sec 01                         (3 hrs)
TUE WED 5:00 - 8:00 p.m. (September 24 - November 6)
The goal of this interdisciplinary course is to provide both undergraduate and professional school students with an understanding of the complexities of urban communities, and the major issues and problems that they and their residents face. The course will stress the strength and potential of American urban communities and the kind of changes that may make a positive difference. Topics will include patterns and types of housing, localized economy, the role of neighborhood institutions, law enforcement, and municipal politics. Much of the course will involve studying one or more specific neighborhoods in the City of St. Louis and class meetings may be held in one of these neighborhoods rather than on campus. Although there will be assigned readings from a variety of disciplines, much of the course will consist of actual fieldwork investigation such as on-site observation of neighborhood features, interviews with residents, collection of data from public sources, and observations of neighborhood organizations and institutions at work. Students will carry out research projects under the instructors' supervision. The course grade will be modified pass-fail and will be based on several papers, project presentations, and class participation. The course will meet for half of the fall semester: twice a week for 3 hours per class for 7 weeks. The class will meet in the early evening (5-8 pm) with some Saturday sessions for fieldwork. The target enrollment is 20 students: 4 law, 4 architecture, 4 social work, and 8 from other disciplines. Part of the interdisciplinary focus of the course will be the collaboration of students from a variety of schools and departments. The course will not require a prior background in law, architecture, social work or any particular social science discipline. The course is welcoming of Arts & Science undergraduates and is especially intended for STA students who will be sophomores or juniors next fall. It is hoped that this course will provide an introduction and foundation for other urban studies courses that may be offered in later semesters. Admission to the course is by permission of the instructors.  TO APPLY FOR THIS COURSE, PLEASE SEND TO BOTH PROFESSORS THOMSON AND CUNNINGHAM BY EMAIL: (1) AN UNOFFICIAL WU TRANSCRIPT, (2) CURRENT RESUME, (3) ONE PARAGRAPH STATEMENT OF INTEREST IN THE COURSE.