1870, 1914, 1940 . . .

A couple of weeks ago I visited the eastern part of France — Lorraine — with my family. We were invited to stay with friends, in a home built during the war of 1870, and occupied in the other two wars with Germany in 1914 and 1940.

We visited the American Cemetary and the trenches in the forest, reminders of those terrible conflicts, and solemn testaments to the destructive tendancies of human kind. At the same time, given this terrible history, how astonishing it is that France and Germany cooperate more and more as European integration proceeds via the European Union, perhaps the most important and inspiring legal and political development of the twentieth Century.