International Council

Elizabeth (Betsy) Andersen

Betsy Anderson is the Director of the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative.  Before working at the ABA, she served as the Executive Director and Executive Vice President of the American Society of International Law, the Executive Director of the American Bar Association’s Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative (ABA-CEELI), and Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Europe and Central Asia Division. She also served as legal assistant to Judge Georges Abi-Saab of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and as a law clerk to Judge Kimba M. Wood of the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of New York.  Her area of expertise is international humanitarian, human rights, and refugee law.

The Honorable Louise Arbour

The Honorable Louise Arbour serves as Counsel at Borden Ladner Gervais, Judge ad hoc at International Court of Justice.  Previously, she served as the President & CEO of the International Crisis Group and as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 2004 to 2008.  In 1996 Arbour became the Chief Prosecutor of the UN International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda; in 1999, she was appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada. Previously a legal academic at York University and then Osgoode Hall Law School, Arbour is a prolific author.  She has received numerous awards in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and France.  

The Honorable Jorge Arrate

The Honorable Jorge Arrate is a former Minister of Mines and Economic Advisor to President Allende, as well as Minister of Education, Minister of Labor and Social Security, Minister Secretary-General of the Government of Chile, the Ambassador of Chile to Argentina, and President of the Board of the University of Arts and Social Sciences in Santiago, Chile.  He has been a faculty member at the University of Chile, the University of Santiago, Catholic University of Chile, and UC Berkeley. 

Professor George A. Bermann

George A. Bermann  is Jean Monnet Professor of EU Law, Walter Gelhorn Professor of Law, and Director of the European Legal Studies Center at Columbia University.  He is also a member of the teaching faculty of the College d’Europe in Bruges, Belgium, and regularly teaches at the Universities of Paris I, Paris II, and the Institut des Sciences Politiques.  He has taught law at Tulane and New York University, and was a visiting scholar at the Legal Service of the European Commission in Brussels, the French Conseil d'Etat, the Max Planck Institute for Foreign Public Law and International Law, and Princeton University's Center for International Studies.  He is the President of the American Society of Comparative Law.  One of the world’s most eminent comparativists, Professor Bermann has written numerous leading books and articles on foreign, comparative, and European Union law and policy.

The Honorable Professor Dr. Dr. h. c. Rudolf Bernhardt

The Honorable Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Rudolf Bernhardt, the former President of the European Court of Human Rights, has been a Professor of Law at the University of Frankfurt and, for many years, the Director of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelhberg.  He was the editor of the Encyclopedia of Public International Law from 1981 to 2000.  

Professor Raj Bhala

Raj Bhala is the Associate Dean for International and Comparative Law and Raymond F. Rice Distinguished Professor, University of Kansas School of Law. He is a leading scholar in international trade law and globalization.  He is a consultant  for the U.S. Department of Commerce (Middle East Partnership Initiative), and a member of the following organizations: Council on Foreign Relations; Royal Society of Asian Affairs;  American Law Institute; World Bank; International Monetary Fund; Editorial Advisory Board of Carolina Academic Press; International Trade Law and Regulation; and Fellowship of Catholic Scholars. He worked at the Federal Reserve in New York, where he twice received the President’s Award for Excellence. He has written a leading treatise, Modern GATT Law, and the casebook International Trade Law: Theory and Practice. He has taught around the world, including at the College of Shari'a and Law in Oman, the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Mining in Saudi Arabia, the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh, and Pakistan College of Law in Lahore.  Professor Bhala also was a Visiting Fellow at the Bank of Japan and the University of Hong Kong.

Professor Paul P. Craig

Paul P. Craig is the Professor of English Law at Oxford University and a Fellow at St. John’s College Oxford.  A prolific author, Professor Craig is England’s leading authority on administrative law and a distinguished authority on European Union law as well.  He has visited at several law schools in the United States, Canada and Australia.  He is an honorary Queen’s Counsel and in 1998 was elected to the British Academy.  

The Honorable Judge Liu Daqun

The Honorable Judge Liu Daqun serves as a judge of the UN Residual mechanism for International Tribunals, and is a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, and the Institute de Droit International. He previously served as the Vice President since 2015 and Judge of the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Prior to being elected to the Tribunal, Judge Liu held a variety of positions in the Chinese Foreign Ministry, culminating in his appointment in 1999 as Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to Jamaica and as Permanent Representative of the People’s Republic of China to the International Seabed Authority. Judge Liu was also Deputy Head and Chief Negotiator of the Chinese Delegation to the Rome Conference on the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Judge Liu has enjoyed a distinguished academic career. In 1994 he was appointed a Professor of International Law at China’s University of Law and Political Science and a Professor at the Centre of Cooperative Innovation and Judicial Civilization of that University in 2013. He regularly lectures across China and internationally on international criminal law. Amongst others, Judge Liu holds positions at the Law School of Wuhan University (since 1997) and China Foreign Affairs University (since 1998).

Ambassador Francis M. Deng

Dr. Francis M. Deng is the former Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations for the Government of South Sudan and Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General on the Prevention of Genocide and former Ambassador to the United Nations, South Sudan.  Prior to that, Dr. Deng served as Director of the Sudan Peace Support Project based at the United States Institute of Peace and as a Wilhelm Fellow at the Center for International Studies of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a Research Professor of International Politics, Law and Society at Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies.  Dr. Deng has also served as the Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Internally Displaced Persons, Sudan's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, and the Ambassador of Sudan to Canada, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the United States.  An outstanding diplomat and a scholar, Dr. Deng has written numerous influential books, held visiting academic appointments at Yale and New York University, and been a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution.  He is the recipient of the 2005 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving the World Order.  Dr. Deng speaks Arabic and Dinka, and is the first Southern Sudanese to obtain a doctorate in any field.

Mr. David W. Detjen

Mr. David W. Detjen, a partner at Walter, Conston, Alexander & Green, the New York office of Alston & Bird LLP, is a distinguished international lawyer who represents European clients in international business transactions.  He has written several books, including The Germans in Missouri, 1900-1918, and legal handbooks published in the United States and Germany.  He has served as the executive editor of the International Law Practicum since 1988 and in a number of leadership positions connected with the Washington University School of Law.

The Honorable Richard J. Goldstone

The Honorable Richard J. Goldstone, former Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa, is another legendary figure in international criminal justice.  In the 1990s alone, Justice Goldstone chaired the Commission of Inquiry regarding Public Violence and Intimidation (the Goldstone Commission), served as the first functioning Chief Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, chaired the International Experts task force that drafted the Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities for the Director General of UNESCO (the Valencia Declaration), and chaired the International Independent Inquiry on Kosovo.  During a portion of this same time period, he wrote the book For Humanity and began serving as a Justice on South Africa’s Constitutional Court and as the Chancellor of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg.  He was a member of the international panel established  by the government of Argentina to monitor the inquiry into Nazi activity in the republic since 1938. He was appointed by Kofi Annan, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, to the Independent International Committee to investigate the Iraq Oil for Food program.  Justice Goldstone received the International Human Rights Award of the American Bar Association and the Thomas J. Dodd Prize in International Human Rights.  Most recently, Justice Richard Goldstone was named the 2007 Weissberg Distinguished Professor of International Studies at Beloit College.

Professor Jung-Gun Kim

Professor Jung-Gun Kim is a former Dean at Yonsei University Graduate School of Intellectual Property & Law in Seoul, Korea.   His writings appear in professional journals of at least 6 different countries, including Revue General de Droit Internatinal Public (France) encompassing some 70 articles.  Nearly a dozen books bear his name, including the basic textbook (in Korean) on International Law.  Born in northern Korea during the Japanese occupation period and, following end of World War II, he lived through the formative years of North Korean government.  Escaping from North Korea and following the cease fire agreement, Professor Kim came to U.S. where he was educated and taught in American universities.  Returning to his native land in 1978, he joined the Faculty of Law, Yonsei University in Seoul and served for two decades till his retirement.

Ambassador Aída Ivone González Martínez

Ambassador Aída Ivone González Martínez of Mexico is a former Chairperson of the United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and the Coordinator of International Women’s Affairs in Mexico’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs.  Her impressive diplomatic lineage includes service as her country’s Assistant Undersecretary for Migration and Human Rights, Inspector General of Mexican Foreign Missions, Adviser to the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, and Mexican Representative to numerous international organizations and conferences.   Now retired from the Foreign Service in Mexico, Ambassador González-Martínez is dedicated to working with associations on human rights and human rights for women.

The Honorable Professor Herbert H. P. Ma

The Honorable Herbert H. P. Ma, the Law Foundation Professor of Law at National Taiwan University, is a former Grand Justice of Taiwan’s highest court.  He has authored six books, some in Chinese and some in English.  His treatise General Principles of Private International Law is now in its 12th edition.  He has visited at Columbia University, Harvard University, the University of Washington, and several other universities in Austria, Hong Kong, France, Canada, and the People’s Republic of China.

Dr. Susan F. Martin

Dr. Susan F. Martin, the Donald G. Herzberg Associate Professor of International Migration, was the Director of the Institute for the Study of International Migration at Georgetown University School of Foreign Service.  She is the former Executive Director of the United States Commission on Immigration Reform (better known as the Barbara Jordan Commission) and the former Research Director for the U.S. Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy.  A historian by training, she has taught at Brandeis University and the University of Pennsylvania.  Dr. Martin is one of the world’s leading scholars and consultants on international migration and refugee policies and has performed many years of fieldwork in war zones and other traumatized regions.

Steven Cash Nickerson

Cash Nickerson (JD’85, MBA ’93) is the president of PDS Technical Services, Inc., in Irving, Texas.  During his more than twenty years as an attorney Mr. Nickerson has represented many companies with respect to business transactions, mergers and acquisitions and employment matters.  His experience as a business executive and entrepreneur has enhanced his delivery of legal services. He is mentioned in numerous articles and books, including the book, 'CEO's That Sell' by Anthony Parinello, Darwin Magazine, Success Magazine and many others. He is an active member of the CEO Clubs and its SuperPac.

The Honorable Hisashi Owada

The Honorable Hisashi Owada is the former judge and President of the International Court of Justice, having been appointed to this post in 2009. Prior to that, he served as the President of the Japan Institute of International Affairs, and Professor of Law and Organization at Waseda University Graduate School in Japan.  A trained diplomat, Judge Owada has also acted as Japan's Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, the Permanent Representative of Japan to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris, and the Permanent Representative of Japan to the United Nations in New York.  In the academic field, Judge Owada taught international law and organization at Tokyo University for 25 years ; he also had numerous visiting professor appointments at the law schools of Harvard University, Columbia University, and New York University. He is a member of the Institut de Droit International.

The Right Honorable Sir Geoffrey Palmer

The Right Honorable Sir Geoffrey Palmer is the former Prime Minister of New Zealand, as well as the fomer Attorney-General, Minister of Justice, Leader of the House of Representatives, Minister of the Environment, and President of New Zealand Law Commission .  He was instrumental in achieving constitutional and legal reforms in New Zealand, such as the creation of the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act and the State Sector Act.  Sir Geoffrey was an ad hoc Judge of the International Court of Justice.  He was created a Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George and made an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia. In 1991 he was listed on the United Nations Global 500 Roll of Honour for his work on environmental issues.  Sir Geoffrey has held professorships at Victoria University of Wellington, the University of Iowa, and the University of Virginia, and remains a prolific scholar.  Today he is a distinguished international lawyer and a member of Her Majesty’s Privy Council.  He recently established Chen Palmer & Partners, a public law firm he began with Wellington lawyer Mai Chen.    

Ms. Asha Ramgobin

Asha Ramgobin, a prominent South African public interest lawyer, is Executive Director of the Human Rights Development Initiative.  She is also the President of the Legal Aid Organisations of South Africa and cofounder and trustee of the Association of University Legal Aid Institutions of South Africa Trust.  

The Honorable Patricia M. Wald

The Honorable Patricia M. Wald, formerly of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, has served as a Member of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board since 2012.  Prior to serving on the bench, Former Judge Wald was Assistant Attorney General for legislative affairs during the Carter administration and was a clerk for Judge Jerry Frank when he ruled on the appeal of the espionage conviction of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg.   She has been a prolific and respected scholar in such diverse fields as criminal justice, juvenile law, mental disability law, poverty and public interest law, administrative law, constitutional law, judicial process, and women and the law.  Former Judge Wald has played key roles in countless professional associations, national commissions, and legal reform efforts in the United States and overseas, and she has received many professional awards.  Wald was appointed to the Iraq Intelligence Commission, which handled U.S. intelligence surrounding the United States' 2003 invasion of Iraq and Iraq's weapons of mass destruction. Former Justice Wald is Chair of the board of directors of the Open Society Justice Initiative.   

Professor Ruth Wedgwood

Ruth Wedgwood is Edward B. Burling Professor of International Law and Diplomacy at Johns Hopkins University, Director of the International Law and Organization Program, a Senior Fellow for International Organizations and Law at the Council on Foreign Relations, Director of Research for the American Society of International Law, and the Vice President of the American Branch of the International Law Association.  Professor Wedgwood has held memberships or key roles in the following bodies: United Nations Human Rights Committee; U.S. Secretary of State’s Advisory Committee for International Law; Defense Policy Board and CIA Historical Review Panel; Warsaw Human Dimension Meeting; and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.  She is formerly professor of law at Yale Law School, director of studies at the Hague Academy for International Law in the Netherlands, visiting professor at University of Paris I (Sorbonne), Berlin Prize Fellow of the American Academy, and Charles H. Stockton Professor at the U.S. Naval War College.  Professor Wedgwood was also member of the Hart-Rudman Commission on National Security in the 21st Century, senior fellow for international organizations at the Council on Foreign Relations, and chief of staff to the head of the criminal division in the Department of Justice, chairing the attorney general’s working group on criminal and racketeering investigative guidelines.  She also served as federal prosecutor in the Southern District of New York; vice president of American Society of International Law; vice president of the International Law Association--American Branch; member of board of editors of the American Journal of International Law, World Policy Journal, and American Interest publications; member of the board of directors of Freedom House; advisory council member of National Interest; former law clerk to Judge Henry Friendly of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Justice Harry Blackmun of U.S. Supreme Court; and executive editor of the Yale Law Journal.  She is currently a commentator for BBC, NPR, PBS and MSNBC.  

Professor Joseph H.H. Weiler

Joseph H.H. Weiler is the European Union Jean Monnet Chair at New York University School of Law, and the President of European University Institute.  Professor Weiler is a distinguished and prolific scholar in comparative law, international law, and European law, including the sui generis character of the European Union.  He is a member of numerous advisory boards, councils and scientific committees.

In Memoriam

The Honorable John B. Anderson (1922-2017)

The Honorable John B. Anderson was Professor Emeritus of Law at Shepard Broad College of Law at Nova Southeastern University.  He was a former member of Congress from Illinois, was the independent candidate for President of the United States in 1980.  In addition to serving on the advisory board of the Electronic Privacy Information Center,  Mr. Anderson had been a law professor and Visiting Professor in Political Science at several universities, and is currently Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at Nova Southeastern University, where he was the Chair of the Center for Voting and Democracy.   He also served as President and CEO of the World Federalist Association, and of counsel to the Law Offices of Greenberg & Lieberman, LLC.

Professor M. Cherif Bassiouni (1937-2017)

M. Cherif Bassiouni was Emeritus Distinguished Research Professor of Law and President Emeritus of the International Human Rights Law Institute at DePaul University College of Law.  A distinguished diplomat, Professor Bassiouni was nominated in 1999 for the Nobel Peace Prize because of his more than 20-year crusade on behalf of an international criminal court.  A United Nations convention to establish such a court was adopted in Rome in the summer of 1998, with Professor Bassiouni as chair of the drafting committee.  He served on the Steering Committee of the Crimes Against Humanity Initiative, and as President of the International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences in Siracusa, Italy, and Honorary President of the International Association of Penal Law, Paris (1989-2004).  Professor Bassiouni’s many other appointments included Chairman of the United Nation Security Council’s Commission to Investigate War crimes in the Former Yugoslavia; Independent Expert on the Rights to Restitution, Compensation and Rehabilitation for Victims of Grave Violations of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms for the Commission on Human Rights; Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the 1988 Diplomatic Conference of the Establishment of an International Criminal Court; Vice-Chairman of the General Assembly’s Ad Hoc Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court; U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights as the Independent Expert on Human Rights in Afghanistan; and chair of the UN fact-finding mission in Sarajevo. He was the author of numerous leading books in the field of international criminal law, and the winner of nearly a dozen medals and awards. Read more 


Thomas M. Franck (1931-2009)

Whitney R. Harris (1912-2010)

Anthony Lewis (1927-2013)