Christine Van den Wyngaert is a specialist in international criminal law, criminal procedure, and comparative criminal law. In January 2009, she was elected a judge on the International Criminal Court. Van den Wyngaert has also served as a judge at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and a judge ad hoc at the International Court of Justice in the Arrest Warrant case (2000-2002).
As a professor at the University of Antwerp, a researcher, and the author of many books, Van den Wyngaert has made a considerable contribution to the development of international criminal law. She was also a rapporteur for the International Law Association on extradition and human rights and a general reporter for the Association Internationale de Droit Pénal in Budapest relating to international cooperation to combat organized crime. Van den Wyngaert has been awarded doctorates honoris causa by the University of Uppsala (2001) and the University of Brussels (2009).