Guidelines for National Unification
Mainland Affairs Council, The Executive Yuan, Republic Of China.
Adopted by the National Unification Council at its third meeting
on February 23, 1991, and by the Executive Yuan Council at its
2223rd meeting on March 14, 1991.
- The unification of China is meant to bring about a strong and
prosperous nation with a long-lasting, bright future for its people;
it is the common wish of Chinese people at home and abroad. After an
appropriate period of forthright exchange, cooperation, and
consultation conducted under the principles of reason, peace, parity,
and reciprocity, the two sides of the Taiwan Straits should foster a
consensus of democracy, freedom and equal prosperity, and together
build a new and unified China. Based on this understanding, these
Guidelines have been specially formulated with the express hope that
all Chinese throughout the world will work with one mind toward their
- To establish a democratic, free and equitably prosperous China.
- 1. Both the mainland and Taiwan areas are parts of Chinese territory.
Helping to bring about national unification should be the common
responsibility of all Chinese people.
- 2. The unification of China should be for the welfare of all its people
and not be subject to partisan conflict.
- 3. China's unification should aim at promoting Chinese culture, safeguarding
human dignity, guaranteeing fundamental human rights, and practicing
democracy and the rule of law.
- 4. The timing and manner of China's unification should first respect the
rights and interests of the people in the Taiwan area, and protect their
security and welfare. It should be achieved in gradual phases under the
principles of reason, peace, parity, and reciprocity.
1. Short term -- A phase of exchanges and reciprocity.
- (1)To enhance understanding through exchanges between the two sides of
the Straits and eliminate hostility through reciprocity; and to establish
a mutually benign relationship by not endangering each other's security
and stability while in the midst of exchanges and not denying the other's
existence as a political entity while in the midst of effecting reciprocity.
- (2)To set up an order for exchanges across the Straits, to draw up regulations
for such exchanges, and to establish intermediary organizations so as to
protect people's rights and interest on both sides of the Straits; to gradually
ease various restrictions and expand people-to-people contacts so as to promote
the social prosperity of both sides.
- (3)In order to improve the people's welfare on both sides of the Straits with the
ultimate objective of unifying the nation, in the mainland area economic reform
should be carried out forthrightly, the expression of public opinion there should
gradually be allowed, and both democracy and the rule of law should be implemented;
while in the Taiwan area efforts should be made to accelerate constitutional reform
and promote national development to establish a society of equitable prosperity.
- (4)The two sides of the Straits should end the state of hostility and, under the
principle of one China,
solve all disputes through peaceful means, and furthermore respect
-- not reject -- each other in the international community, so as to move toward a phase
trust and cooperation.
2. Medium Term -- A phase of mutual trust and cooperation.
- (1) Both sides of the Straits should establish official communication channels on
- (2) Direct postal, transport and commercial links should be allowed, and both sides
develop the southeastern coastal area of Chinese mainland and then gradually extend
to other areas of the mainland in order to narrow the gap in living standards between
the two sides.
- (3) Both sides of the Straits should work together and assist each other in taking part
organizations and activities.
- (4) Mutual visits by high-ranking officials on both sides should be promoted to create
for consultation and unification.
3. Long term -- A phase of consultation and unification.
- A consultative organization for unification should be established through which
both sides, in accordance with
the will of the people in both the mainland and Taiwan areas, and while adhering to the
goals of democracy,
economic freedom, social justice and nationalization of the armed forces, jointly
discuss the grand task of
unification and map out a constitutional system to establish a democratic, free, and
equitably prosperous China.